Formation of Pseudoisocyanine J-Aggregates in Poly(vinyl alcohol) Fibers by Electrospinning
Submicrometer diameter, light emitting fibers of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) doped with pseudoisocyanine (1,1′-diethyl-2,2′-cyanine bromide, PIC) dye were prepared by electrospinning.The formation of J-aggregates was observed in both randomly deposited and uniaxially aligned electrospun fibers. Moreover, the fibers aligned uniaxially showed a high degree of polarized emission (PL||/PL⊥ =10), arising from the orientation of J-aggregates along the fiber axis. On the other hand, isotropic emission of J-aggregates was observed from the fibers deposited randomly.
Palladium Nanoparticles by Electrospinning from Poly(acrylonitrile-co-acrylic acid)-PdCl2 Solutions. Relations between Preparation Conditions, Particle Size, and Catalytic Activity
Catalytic palladium (Pd) nanoparticles on electrospun copolymers of acrylonitrile and acrylic acid (PAN-AA) mats were produced via reduction of PdCl2 with hydrazine. Fiber mats were electrospun from homogeneous solutions of PAN-AA and PdCl2 in dimethylformamide (DMF). Pd cations were reduced to Pd metals when fiber mats were treated in an aqueous hydrazine solution at room temperature. Pd particle size mainly depends on the amount of acrylic acid functional groups and PdCl2 concentration in the spinning solution. The catalytic activity of the Pd nanoparticles in electrospun mats was determined by selective hydrogenation of dehydrolinalool (3,7-dimethyloct-6- ene-1-yne-3-ol, DHL) in toluene at 90 °C. Electrospun fibers with Pd particles have 4.5 times higher catalytic activity than the current Pd/Al2O3 catalyst.
Hierarchically Structured Metal Oxide/Silica Nanofibers by Colloid Electrospinning
Precursor fibers are prepared by electrospinning silica nanoparticles (20 nm in diameter) dispersed in an aqueous solution of poly(acrylic acid) and metal salts. Upon calcination in air, the poly(acrylic acid) matrix is removed, the silica nanoparticles are cemented, and nanocrystalline metal oxide particles of 4−14 nm are nucleated at the surface of the silica nanoparticles. The obtained continuous silica fibers act as a structural framework for metal oxide nanoparticles and show improved mechanical integrity compared to the neat metal oxide fibers.
Controlling Spontaneous Emission of CdSe Nanoparticles Dispersed in Electrospun Fibers of Polycarbonate Urethane
Luminescent fibrous composite films consisting of submicrometer diameter fibers were prepared by electrospinning of segmented polycarbonate urethane (PCU) in dimethyl formamide and tri-n-octylphosphine oxide (TOPO)-capped CdSe nanocrystals (5 nm in diameter) in toluene. We demonstrated that formation of the oriented domains by electrospinning develops a hierarchical structure, which consequently modifies spectral properties because new multiple sharp lines appeared in the photoluminescence (PL) spectra of the fibers. In contrast to randomly deposited fibers, the PL intensity of uniaxially aligned fibers was found to be angle dependent. We propose that the elongated internal structure within the fibers controls the spontaneous emission of CdSe nanoparticles dispersed throughout the electrospun mat.